[block id=”bo-sung-1″]

At the time taking the first lessons in Hai Phong Private University, we
were just like the naive children with little knowledge of language skills and
social issues. Throughout 4 years hard studying, thanks to all teachers‘
experience sharing, teaching and their whole-hearted instructions, we could
gradually complete our language and soft skills, especially the precious social
knowledge.
First and foremost, it is an honor for me to express my deepest gratitude
to my supervisor, Mrs. Hoang Thi Bay, whose encouragement, guidance and
willingness to motivate me from the beginning to the end enabled me to
complete the graduation paper. This would not have been possible without her
supports.

de_tai_a_study_on_translation_of_english_terminologies_relat

pdf73 trang | Chia sẻ: thuychi21 | Ngày: 04/12/2015 | Lượt xem: 1846 | Lượt tải: 6download

Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang tài liệu Đề tài A study on translation of english terminologies related to water sector, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên

BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
——————————-
ISO 9001 : 2008
KHÓA LUẬN TỐT NGHIỆP
NGÀNH: NGOẠI NGỮ
HẢI PHÒNG – 2010
Tờ 1
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
HAIPHONG PRIVATE UNIVERSITY
FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT
————————–
GRADUATION PAPER
A STUDY ON TRANSLATION OF ENGLISH
TERMINOLOGIES RELATED TO WATER SECTOR
By:
Vu Thi Thu Huong
Class:
NA1001
Supervisor:
Hoang Thi Bay, M.A
HAIPHONG – 2010
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
NHIỆM VỤ TỐT NGHIỆP
Sinh viên: Mã số: ..
Lớp: Ngành: .
Tên đề tài: ….

Tờ 3
NHIỆM VỤ ĐỀ TÀI
1. Nội dung và các yêu cầu cần giải quyết trong nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp
(Về lý luận, thực tiễn, các số liệu cần tính toán và bản vẽ)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. Các số liệu cần thiết để thiết kế tính toán
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Địa điểm thực tập:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN ĐỀ TÀI TỐT NGHIỆP
Người hướng dẫn thứ nhất
Họ và tên:
Học hàm, học vị:
Cơ quan công tác:
Nội dung hướng dẫn:
Người hướng dẫn thứ hai:
Họ và tên:
Học hàm, học vị:
Cơ quan công tác:
Nội dung hướng dẫn:
Đề tài tốt nghiệp được giao ngàytháng .. năm 2010
Yêu cầu phải hoàn thành trước ngàytháng ..năm 2010
Đã nhận nhiệm vụ Đ.T.T.N Đã giao nhiệm vụ: Đ.T.T.N
Sinh viên Cán bộ hướng dẫn: Đ.T.T.N
Hải Phòng, ngàytháng…năm2010
HIỆU TRƯỞNG
GS.TS.NGƯT. Trần Hữu Nghị
PHẦN NHẬN XÉT TÓM TẮT CỦA CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN
1. Tinh thần thái độ của sinh viên trong quá trình làm đề tài tốt nghiệp:
..
..
..
..
..
..
2. Đánh giá chất lượng của khóa luận (So với nội dung yêu cầu đó đề ra trong
nhiệm vụ Đ.T. T.N trên các mặt lý luận, thực tiễn, tính toán số liệu):
..
..
..
..
..
..
3. Cho điểm của cán bộ hướng dẫn (ghi bằng cả số và chữ):
..
..
..
Hải Phòng, ngày .. tháng .. năm 2010
Cán bộ hướng dẫn
(Họ tên và chữ ký)
Tờ 3
Tờ 6
TABLE OF CONTENT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
PART I: INTRODUCTION
1. Rationale of study ………………………………………………………………….1
2. Aims of study ………………………………………………………………………..2
3. Methods of study ……………………………………………………………………2
4. Scope of study ……………………………………………………………………….3
5. Design of study ……………………………………………………………………..3
PART II: DEVELOPMENT
Chapter I: Theoretical Background…………………………………………………… 5
I. Translation theory ………………………………………………………………..5
1 Definition of translation ………………………………………………………….5
2 Translation methods ……………………………………………………………….6
II. ESP in translation …………………………………………………………………8
1. Definition of ESP …………………………………………………………………..8
2. Types of ESP ……………………………………………………………………… 10
3. Definition of technical translation …………………………………………. 12
4. Language in Water Sector …………………………………………………. …14
III. Popular terms relating to Water Sector ……………………………… 15
1. Definition of English terms …………………………………………………. 15
2. Characteristics of English terms …………………………………………… 15
2.1. Systematic…………………………………………………………………………..15
2.1. Internationalism…………………………………………………………………..16
2.2. Nationalism…………………………………………………………………………16
2.3. Popularity……………………………………………………………………………17
3. Popular terms relating to Water Ssector ………………………………….. 17
3.1. Single terms………………………………………………………………………..17
3.2. Compound terms………………………………………………………………….19
3.2.1. Technical terms using in engineering designs ……………………….. 19
3.2.2. Technical terms of valves ……………………………………………………. 19
3.2.3. Technical terms of tanks …………………………………………………….. 20
3.2.4. Terms related to Environment. …………………………………………….. 23
4. Acronyms in Water Sector ………………………………………………………. 23
4.1. Common acronyms …………………………………………………………….. 24
4.2. Acronyms in Land acquisition and Resettlement ……………………. 25
Chapter II: Popular Strategies and procedures applied in the translation
of Water Sector terms into Vietnamese …………………………………………… 27
1. Strategies applied in the translation of single terms ……………….. 27
2. Strategies applied in the translation of compound terms …………. 39
3. Difficulties encountered in the translation procedures of terms in
Water Sector ……………………………………………………………………… 35
Chapter III: APPLICATION …………………………………………………………. 38
1. Strength and weakness of the thesis ……………………………………… 38
2. Suggestion for the future research ………………………………………… 38
PART III. CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
GLOSSARY
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
At the time taking the first lessons in Hai Phong Private University, we
were just like the naive children with little knowledge of language skills and
social issues. Throughout 4 years hard studying, thanks to all teachers‘
experience sharing, teaching and their whole-hearted instructions, we could
gradually complete our language and soft skills, especially the precious social
knowledge.
First and foremost, it is an honor for me to express my deepest gratitude
to my supervisor, Mrs. Hoang Thi Bay, whose encouragement, guidance and
willingness to motivate me from the beginning to the end enabled me to
complete the graduation paper. This would not have been possible without her
supports.
Besides, I would like to address my sincere thanks to Hai Phong Private
University for providing us professional learning environment and facilities, as
well as all teachers in Foreign Languages Department for giving of enthusiasm
and sympathies to lift us to be the better ones as we are today.
Finally, I extend my regards and blessings to all of those who supported
me in any aspects during the completion of the graduation paper, particularly
staffs of Haiphong Water Supply Company with their willingness of providing
me documents, valuable information supports and offering me opportunities to
approach this field, which inspired me greatly to do this graduation paper.
1
PART I: INTRODUCTION
1. Rationale of study
Water is one of the most essential and necessary resources to human
beings. Every human daily activities relates to water. However, more than 2
billion people do not have safe supplied water, not only in Vietnam but in
other countries all over the world, and thousands of people die from lack of
access to clean water. Therefore, water is the most global concern, which is
why we take an integrated approach to bringing safe water to the worlds
poor. And water sector is a new developing industry that many nations pay
attention.
Demands for water resources in Viet Nam are growing rapidly. The
crucial role of water in the nation‘s sustainable development, human health,
and life has not always been fully appreciated. Therefore, Water sector still
faces substantial challenges highlighting the urgency for the Government to
complete sector reforms.
Currently, there are many projects of safe water supply and water supply
system in Vietnam carried out by international funding organizations and
governments. These require Vietnamese‘s abilities to communicate and
cooperate with foreign specialists in English, providing job opportunities to
many people, especially to Foreign Languages students. Also, they are
facing with difficulties of its technical terminologies that none of students in
the Department has ever had chances to study at school.
A number of Vietnamese working in Water Sector get troubles and are
confused at the first time translating or interpreting technical terms,
especially English terms related to Water Sector. Hence, it is very necessary
2
for me to acquire certain accumulation of linguistic and cultural knowledge
in both native language and foreign languages. That is the main reason
inspiring me to carry out this research. More importantly, studying this
theme offers me a chance to have thorough understanding about technical
translations.
2. Aims of the study
The study on translation of this basic terms aims to figure out an overview
on translation strategies and procedures commonly employed in translation
of terminologies in Water Sector.
In details, my Graduation Paper aims at:
Collecting and presenting English terms in Water Sector.
Providing their Vietnamese equivalents or expressions.
Preliminarily analyzing translation strategies and procedures
employed in the translation of these English terms into
Vietnamese.
Providing students majoring in the subject and those who may
concern a draft and short reference of English terms in Water
Sector and their corresponding Vietnamese meanings.
This study is done with the hope of providing readers with overall
comprehension about the information and the technical terms relating to
Water Sector that helps translators being able to translate it effectively.
3. Methods of study
The terms used in Water field would require a great amount of effort and
time to study. However, due to limitation of time and my knowledge, my
study could not cover all the aspect of this theme. I only focus the study on
3
translation and translation strategies in general, and contrastive analysis
between specific basic Water Sector terms in English and in Vietnamese.
4. Scope of study
This Graduation paper is carried out with view to help learners enlarge their
vocabulary and have general understanding about translation and
interpretation of Water Sector terms.
All of English and Vietnamese terms in my graduation paper are collected
from: HPWSCo, AECOM and ADB Consultant office‘s documents,
Internet, and reference books. The data is divided into groups based on their
common character, and then I carry out my research on procedures used to
translate them into Vietnamese.
5. Design of study
My graduation paper is divided into three parts, in which the second,
naturally, is the most important part
Part I is the INTRODUCTION in which reason of the study, aims of
the study, scope of the study, method of the study, design of the study
are presented
Part II is the DEVELOPMENT that includes 3 chapters:
Chapter I is Theoretical background which focuses on the definition,
methods, procedures of translation in general and ESP translation,
technical translation and definition of term as well as some technical
terms in Water Sector.
4
Chapter II is an investigation on Water Sector terms and their
equivalents including popular construction of its term and popular
strategies applied in translating its term into Vietnamese
Chapter III is APPLICATION
Part III is the CONCLUSION which includes the Main findings,
strength and weakness of the thesis, suggestions for further studies;
Reference and Glossary
5
Part II. DEVELOPMENT
Chapter I. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
I. Translation theory
1. Definition of translation
Translation has existed in every corner of our life. It is considered as an
indispensable part in the field of not only literature, culture and religion but
also commercial advertisement, popular entertainment, public administration,
immigration and education.Thus, definitions of translation are numerous,
and a great numbers of books and articles have been written about this subject.
The following are some typical definitions that are basic theoretical
background for this study.
 Translation is the interpreting of the meaning of a text and the
subsequent production of an equivalent text, likewise called a
“translation,” that communicates the same message in another
language. The text to be translated is called the “source text,” and the
language that it is to be translated into is called the “target language”;
the final product is sometimes called the “target text.”
_Wikipedia_
 Translation is a transfer process, which aims at the transformation of a
written SL text into an optimally equivalent TL text, and which requires
the syntactic, the semantic and the pragmatic understanding and
analytical processing of the SL.
_ Wilss (1982: 3) _
 Translation is the process of changing something that is written or
spoken into another language.
6
_Advanced Oxford Dictionary_
Although these definitions are different in expression, they share
common features that they all emphasize the importance finding the closest
equivalence in meaning by the choice of appropriate target language‘s lexical
and grammatical structures. Some sorts of movement from one language to
another also insist on the different methods of translation which will be taken
into consideration in the next part.
2. Translation methods
Newmark (1988b) mentions the difference between translation methods
and translation procedures. He writes that, “While translation methods relate
to whole texts, translation procedures are used for sentences and the smaller
units of language” (p.81). He goes on to refer to the following methods of
translation:
◊ Word-to-word translation:
This is often demonstrated as interlinear translation, with the TL immediately
below the SL words. The SL word-order is preserved and the words translated
singly by their most common meaning, out of context.
◊ Literal translation:
The SL grammatical construction is converted to the nearest TL equivalents
but the lexical words are again translated singly, out of context.
◊ Faithful translation:
A faithful translation attempts to reproduce the precise contextual meaning of
the original within the constraints of the TL grammatical structures.
7
◊ Semantic translation:
Semantic translation differs from faithful translation only in as far as it must
take more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, compromising on
―meaning‖ where appropriate so that no assonance, word-play or repetition
jars in finished version.
◊ Free translation:
Free translation reproduces the matter without the manner, or the content with
out of the form of the original. The advantage of this type of translation is that
the text in TL sounds more natural. On the contrary, the disadvantage is that
translating is too casual to understand the original because of its freedom.
◊ Adaption:
This is the ―freest‖ form of translation. It is used mainly for plays and
themes… The SL culture is converted into the TL culture and is rewritten.
◊ Idiomatic translation:
Idiomatic translation reproduces the ―message‖ of the original but tends to
distort nuances of meaning by preferring colloquialisms and the idiom where
these do not exists in the original.
◊ Communicative translation:
Communicative translation attempts to reader the exact contextual meaning of
the original in such a way that both content and language are readily
acceptable and comprehensible to the readership.
Newmark (1991:10-12) writes of a continuum existing between “semantic”
and “communicative” translation. Any translation can be “more, or less
semantic—more, or less, communicative—even a particular section or
sentence can be treated more communicatively or less semantically.” Both
8
seek an “equivalent effect.” Zhongying (1994: 97), who prefers literal
translation to free translation, writes that,” in China, it is agreed by many that
one should translate literally, if possible, or appeal to free translation.”
II. English for Special Purposes in translation (ESP)
1. Definition of ESP
Before depicting and discussing the characteristics of language as a
special language, we need to know what a special language is in general, i.e.
one has to define the term ‗special language‘. Alternatively, the term
‗language for special purposes‘ is in frequent use as well. In the following,
characteristic of a special language is its use by experts of a certain field or
subject to communicate among each other. Therefore, elements of a group
language are inherent, but it can rather be described as a mixture of a group
and special language, particularly when the two main features melt together,
namely its exclusiveness and its reference to a special subject matter. The
focus on the issue is a criterion of delimi

[block id=”bo-sung”]

Từ khóa: Đề tài A study on translation of english terminologies related to water sector

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *