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Action movie is a film genre where in the story is largely told through
physical action as opposed to dialogue. The action typically involves
individual efforts on the part of the hero. While action has long been an
element of film, the “Action movie” as a genre of its own began to develop
in the 1970s, the genre is closely linked with thriller and advanture film
genres. While action films have traditionally been a reliable source of
revenue for movie studios, relatively few action films genre critical praise.
While action films have traditionally been aimed at male audiences, from
the early teens to the mid-30s, many action filmmakers from the 1990s, and
2000s added female heroines in response to the times, glofifying the strong
female archetype.

a study on translation of movie titles from english into vietnamese
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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
——————————-
ISO 9001 : 2008
KHÓA LUẬN TỐT NGHIỆP
NGÀNH: NGOẠI NGỮ
HẢI PHÒNG – 2010
Tờ 2
Tờ 3
Tờ 4
HAIPHONG PRIVATE UNIVERSITY
FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT
———————————–
GRADUATION PAPER
A STUDY ON TRANSLATION OF
MOVIE TITLES FROM ENGLISH INTO VIETNAMESE
By:
Nguyễn Thị Dung
Class:
NA 1002
Supervisor:
Nguyễn Quỳnh Chi, M.A
HAI PHONG – 2010
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
————————————–
Nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp
Sinh viên: ……………………………………………………Mã số:……………………….
Lớp: ………………………..Ngành:………………………………………………………….
Tên đề tài: ……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Nhiệm vụ đề tài
1. Nội dung và các yêu cầu cần giải quyết trong nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp
(về lý luận, thực tiễn, các số liệu cần tính toán và các bản vẽ).
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2. Các số liệu cần thiết để thiết kế, tính toán.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3. Địa điểm thực tập tốt nghiệp.
..
..
..
CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN ĐỀ TÀI
Người hướng dẫn thứ nhất:
Họ và tên:…………………………………………………………………………………
Học hàm, học vị:………………………………………………………………………..
Cơ quan công tác:………………………………………………………………………
Nội dung hướng dẫn:………………………………………………………………….
Người hướng dẫn thứ hai:
Họ và tên:…………………………………………………………………………………
Học hàm, học vị:………………………………………………………………………..
Cơ quan công tác:………………………………………………………………………
Nội dung hướng dẫn:………………………………………………………………….
Đề tài tốt nghiệp được giao ngày 12 tháng 04 năm 2010
Yêu cầu phải hoàn thành xong trước ngày 10 tháng 07 năm 2010
Đã nhận nhiệm vụ ĐTTN Đã giao nhiệm vụ ĐTTN
Sinh viên Người hướng dẫn
Hải Phòng, ngày tháng năm 2010
HIỆU TRƯỞNG
Tờ 5
PHẦN NHẬN XÉT TÓM TẮT CỦA CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN
1. Tinh thần thái độ của sinh viên trong quá trình làm đề tài tốt
nghiệp:
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2. Đánh giá chất lượng của khóa luận (so với nội dung yêu cầu đã đề ra
trong nhiệm vụ Đ.T. T.N trên các mặt lý luận, thực tiễn, tính toán số
liệu):
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3. Cho điểm của cán bộ hướng dẫn (ghi bằng cả số và chữ):
..
..
..
Hải Phòng, ngày .. tháng .. năm 2010
Cán bộ hướng dẫn
(họ tên và chữ ký)
Tờ 6
NHẬN XÉT ĐÁNH GIÁ
CỦA NGƯỜI CHẤM PHẢN BIỆN ĐỀ TÀI TỐT NGHIỆP
1. Đánh giá chất lượng đề tài tốt nghiệp về các mặt thu thập và phân tích tài
liệu, số liệu ban đầu, giá trị lí luận và thực tiễn của đề tài.
2. Cho điểm của người chấm phản biện :
(Điểm ghi bằng số và chữ)
Ngày………. tháng……… năm 2010
Người chấm phản biện
Tờ 7
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
In the process of doing the graduation paper, I have received a lot of
help, assistance, guidance, encouragement and idea contribution from my
teachers, family and friends.
I wish, first of all, to express my deepest gratitude and indebtedness
to my supervisor- Ms Nguyen Quynh Chi, lecturer of English Department,
Haiphong Private University of Foreign Studies for her enthusiastic
guidance, very helpful ideas and instructions for the preparation and her
correction during the completion of this graduation paper.
My sincere thanks are also sent to the teachers in the English
Department of Haiphong Private University for their useful lessons during
four years studying here. They have given me the foundation of the research
paper.
It is a mistake if members of Movie Fan Club under Trai Tim Viet
Nam online Forum are not mentioned here. I would like to show my deep
gratitude to those who have made great contribution to my topic by giving
ideas, comments, suggestions and samples which are very useful for my
papers.
Last but not least, I would like to give my heartfelt thanks to my
family, to whom I have never enough words to express my great gratitude
for their encouragement and inspiration.
Haiphong, June 2010
Nguyen Thi Dung
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
PART I:
INTRODUCTION……………….1
1. Rationale ……………………………………………………………………………………… 11
2. Aims of the study ………………………………………………………………………….. 11
3. Scope of the study …………………………………………………………………………. 12
4. Methods of the study……………………………………………………………………… 12
5. Design of the study ……………………………………………………………………….. 12
PART II: DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER I: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND ……………………………… 14
1.1. Language of movie titles …………………………………………………………….. 14
1.1.1. Definition of a movie ………………………………………………………………. 14
1.1.2. Definition of a movie title ………………………………………………………… 14
1.1.3. Movie types ………………………………………………………………………………. 14
1.2. Translation ………………………………………………………………………………… 19
1.2.1. Definition of translation …………………………………………………………… 19
1.2.2. Definition of a movie title ……………………………………………………….. 19
1.2.3. The importance of movie title translation …………………………………… 21
1.2.4. Functions of English- Vietnamese movie title translation…………….. 22
CHAPTER II: CHARACTERISTICS OF ENGLISH MOVIE TITLES
AND PRINCIPLES OF ENGLISH MOVIE TITLE TRANSLATION … 23
2.1. Brief and concise ………………………………………………………………………….. 23
2.2. Descriptive …………………………………………………………………………………… 24
2.3. Containing many proper names ………………………………………………………. 25
CHAPTER III: PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF ENGLISH
MOVIE TITLE TRANSLATION ………………………………………………………. 27
3.1. Principles of English movie translation ………………………………………… 27
3.1.1. Faithfulness to the context ……………………………………………………….. 27
3.1.2. Consideration of movie genre………………………………………………………. 28
3.1.3. Cutural awareness …………………………………………………………………….. 29
3.1.4. Combination of commercial and aesthetic effects ………………………….. 31
3.2. Techniques of movie title translation ………………………………………………. 32
3.2.1. Keeping the original title …………………………………………………………….. 33
3.2.2. Literal translation ……………………………………………………………………….. 34
3.2.3. Explication ………………………………………………………………………………… 36
3.2.4. Adaptation …………………………………………………………………………………. 40
3.2.5. Providing a new title …………………………………………………………………… 43
CHAPTER IV: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS ………………………………. 47
4.1. Some difficulties in translation of movie titles from English into
Vietnamese ………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
4.2. Suggested sollutions ……………………………………………………………………… 48
PART III: CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………… 48
1. Major findings ………………………………………………………………………………. 48
2. Implications for English language teaching ……………………………………… 49
3. Suggestions for further study ………………………………………………………….. 50
References ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
Appendices
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
PART I: INTRODUCTION
1. Rationale
There are many languages in the world among them English is the foremost
of all. It is understood and spoken almost everywhere in the world. English
has become the key instrument of globalization.
No one denies the importance of English language in the present time as
global language. It is clear that English has become more dominant around
the world. In some countries, it is considered as the mother tongue and
other countries as second language in their school. English is used in many
subjects and scientific researches at universities and institues. It has become
an addendum to the mastery of scientific individual stock.
There is no doubt that the English is language of communication among the
people with different cultures. It is also the language of computers that help
to communicate with the people around the world through Internet
technology. Besides, People use it in various fields of life such as,
economy, commerce, medicine and aviation and email. In addition, it is the
language which is used in the tourism and travel. These reasons move the
people to learn English.
English has been the international language of not only socio-economic,
cultural, polistic issues but also of entertainment aspect including movie
industry. Movies are a reflection of society. Movie encompasses individual
motion pictures, the field of movie as an art form, and the motion picture
industry. Movies are produced by recording photogaphic images with
cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects.
Movies reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them. Movie is considered
to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment and a
powerful method for educating- or indoctrinating to citizens. The visual
elements of cinema give motion pictures a universal power of
communication. Some movies have become popular worldwide attractions
by using dubbing or subtitles that translate the dialogues. However, there
are difficuties in English- Vietnamese translation because of differences in
structures and cultures. Of course, between a foreign language and a native
language, there are some problems in translation in general and in
translating English movie titles in particular.
Culture aspects in language of movie titles draw my attention the most.
Hence, my graduation paper: “A study on translation of movie titles from
English into Vietnamese” is carried to reflect the similiarities and
differences between the source and target languages of movie titles.
2. Aims of the study
For the purposes of demonstrating the techniques of movie title translation,
my study focuses on:
– Introducing theoretical background of movie translation, movie titles
and techniques of movie title translation.
– Giving clear and detailed techniques of translating movie titles so as to
find out the effective ways in translation.
– Indicating the findings and implication, and proposing some
suggestions.
– Providing some movie titles to discuss.
3. Scope of the study
Translation is an extremely large of study. However, due to the limit of time
and knowledge, it could not be covered all matters about translation. As
mentioned above, in this paper, only translation of movie titles from
English into Vietnamese are presented and analyzed. Particularly,
techniques of movie title translation are carefully demonstrated.
4. Methods of the study
In order to fulfill the study, the following methods are fully employed:
Firstly, it is internet accessing because it supplies such a large source of
information as well as images that all of data relating to the subject of my
paper graduation are easily found out.
Secondly, data collection from related books and documents also plays an
important part in the research process.
Thirdly, discussion with my supervisor and friends works effectively in the
study completion.
At last, contrast and comprision method is also put into pracrice to finish
this paper graduation.
5. Design of the study
My graduation paper consists of three main parts:
• Part I: Introduction, which indicates the rationale, the aims, the scope, the
methods and the design of the study.
• Part II: Development mentions the main content of the study and it is
further divided into three chapters as below:
› Chapter I: Theoretical background includes the definitions and types of
translation.
› Chapter II: Translation of English- Vietnamese movie titles, deals with the
following matters: The importance, steps, functions of movie title
translation.
› Chapter III: Techniques and principles of movie title translation.
› Chapter IV: The findings and discussions.
• Part III: Conclusion gives a brief summary of the study and suggestion for
further study.
PART II: DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER I: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
1.1. Language of movie titles
1.1.1. Definition of a movie
A form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of
images giving the illusion of continous movement.
(wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn)
Films are made up a series of individual images called frames. When these
images are shown rapidly in succession, a viewer has the illusion that
motion is occurring. The viewer cannot see the flickering between frames
due to an effect known as persistence of vision (wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia)
Movies (also referred to as motion pictures) are produced by recording
photogaphic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation
techniques or visual effects. (wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
A sequence of photographs projected onto a screen with sufficient rapidty
as to create the illusion of motion and continuity.
(www.thefreedictionary.com/movie)
A movie that is made to be shown on television scene, shot- a consecutive
series of pictures that constitues a unit of action in a film.
( www.thefreedictionary.com/movie)
1.1.2. Definition of a movie title
A common name for film in the United States is movie, while Europe the
term cinema is prefered. Additional terms for the field in general include
the big sc screen, the silver screen, the cinema and the movies.
Movie title is the name of a movie.
1.1.3. Movie types
1.1.3.1. Violent movie
Some movies feature intense violence that really stays with us after the final
credits stop rolling. These films use dark intensity, and the most primite
instincts of man, to grab our attention and make us think.
For example: “Saving private Ryan” is translated into “Giải cứu binh
nhì Ryan”.
1.1.3.2. Science fiction movie
Science fiction is largely based on writing rationally about alternative
possibilities. The settings for science fiction are often contrary to known
reality, but the majority of science fiction relies on considerable degree of
suspension of disbelief provided by potential scientific explanations to
various fictional elements.
Example: “Lord of the Rings” is translated into “Chúa tể của những chiếc nhẫn”
1.1.3.3. Romantic movie
Romantic movies of passionate love relationships between men and women
have always held a special place in our cultural heritage. Movies about
great love affairs have been made from the classic stories of Lancelot and
Guinevere, Heloise and Abelard, and Romeo and Juliet. These timeless
treasures are remembered as symbols of physical passion and spiritual
devotion. Although they are most often regarded as love stories, the literary
foundation of these romantic movies is that of tregedies, and tragedies of
the most telling kind.
For example: “Titanic”
1.1.3.4. Animated movie
An animated movie is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look
similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or
computer screen, featuring some kind of stories or plots (even if it is a very
short one). This is dictinct from the terms “animation” and “animated
movie”, as not all follow the definition. Although cartoons can use manu
different types of animation, they all fall under the traditional animation
category.
For example: “Alice in wonderland” is translated into “Alice lạc vào xứ sở
thần kì”
1.1.3.5. Action/ adventure movie
Action movie is a film genre where in the story is largely told through
physical action as opposed to dialogue. The action typically involves
individual efforts on the part of the hero. While action has long been an
element of film, the “Action movie” as a genre of its own began to develop
in the 1970s, the genre is closely linked with thriller and advanture film
genres. While action films have traditionally been a reliable source of
revenue for movie studios, relatively few action films genre critical praise.
While action films have traditionally been aimed at male audiences, from
the early teens to the mid-30s, many action filmmakers from the 1990s, and
2000s added female heroines in response to the times, glofifying the strong
female archetype
For example: “The Matrix” is translated into “Ma trận”
1.1.3.6. Classic/ Historical movie
The historical movie is a film genre in which stories are based upon
historical events and famous persons. Some historical movies attempt to
accurately portray a historical event or biography, to the degree that
available historical research will allow. Other historical movies are
fictionalized tales that are based on an actual person and their deeds, such a
“Baraveheart”, which is loosely based on the 13th century knight William
Wallance‟s fight for Scotland‟s independence and “Saving Private Ryan”, a
heavily fictionalised version of a search for paratrooper of the US 101 st
Airborne Division during World War II.
For example: “Braveheart” is translated into “Trái tim dũng cảm”
1.1.3.7. Comedy movie
Comedy movie is a genre of film in which the main emphasis on humour.
Also, films in this style typically have a happy ending (the black comedy
being an exception). One of the oldest genres in film, some of the very first
silent movies were comedies. Comedy, unlike other film genres, puts much
more focus on individual stars, with many former stand-up comic
transitioning to the film industry due to their popularity. While many comic
films are lighthearted stories with no intent other than to amuse, others
contain political or social commentary.
For example: “Man of t

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