[block id=”bo-sung-1″]

Nowadays, society is changing day by day, the need in communicating and
exchanging information, culture, technology and science among countries is
becoming greater, English language as a common means of communication has
become increasingly important.
In the English language, there are many fields in which each is studied
by different linguists. Lexicology, which is considered an importan t branch of
English language, has also been investigated and studied by many linguists. In
fact, there are many problems for the learners of English as an international
language. Among them colloquialism causes a lot of troubles.
Colloquialism is one of lexicology phenomenon which is one of the
most commonly used in conversations, so it is necessary to work in depth
with its features.
In conversations, colloquialism becomes very useful because it not only
saves time but also helps the hearer understand easily. Though colloquial
words are used quite popularly in daily conversations, they belong to a new
lexicology phenomenon for Vietnamese leaner of English because it has been
studied insufficiently.

de_tai_analysis_of_colloquial_language_used_in_conversation

pdf60 trang | Chia sẻ: thuychi21 | Ngày: 04/12/2015 | Lượt xem: 1233 | Lượt tải: 9download

Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang tài liệu Đề tài Analysis of colloquial language used in conversation in the text book “streamline English departures”, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên

BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
——————————-
ISO 9001 : 2008
KHÓA LUẬN TỐT NGHIỆP
NGÀNH: NGOẠI NGỮ
HẢI PHÒNG – 2010
HAIPHONG PRIVATE UNIVESITY
FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT
———————————–
GRADUATION PAPER
ANALYSIS OF COLLOQUIAL LANGUAGE USED IN
CONVERSATION IN THE TEXT BOOK
“STREAMLINE ENGLISH DEPARTURES”
By:
Vũ Thị Thắm
Class:
Na1001
Supervisor:
Nguyễn Thị Phương Thu, M.A
HAI PHONG – 2010
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG
————————————–
Nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp
Sinh viên: ……………………………………………………Mã số:……………………….
Lớp: ………………………..Ngành:…………………………………………………………..
Tên đề tài: …………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………..
Nhiệm vụ đề tài
1. Nội dung và các yêu cầu cần giải quyết trong nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt
nghiệp ( về lý luận, thực tiễn, các số liệu cần tính toán và các bản vẽ).
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2. Các số liệu cần thiết để thiết kế, tính toán.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3. Địa điểm thực tập tốt nghiệp.
..
..
..
CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN ĐỀ TÀI
Người hướng dẫn thứ nhất:
Họ và tên:…………………………………………………………………………………
Học hàm, học vị:………………………………………………………………………..
Cơ quan công tác:………………………………………………………………………
Nội dung hướng dẫn:………………………………………………………………….
Người hướng dẫn thứ hai:
Họ và tên:…………………………………………………………………………………
Học hàm, học vị:………………………………………………………………………..
Cơ quan công tác:………………………………………………………………………
Nội dung hướng dẫn:………………………………………………………………….
Đề tài tốt nghiệp được giao ngày 12 tháng 04 năm 2010
Yêu cầu phải hoàn thành xong trước ngày 10 tháng 07 năm 2010
Đã nhận nhiệm vụ ĐTTN Đã giao nhiệm vụ ĐTTN
Sinh viên Người hướng dẫn
Hải Phòng, ngày tháng năm 2010
HIỆU TRƯỞNG
GS.TS.NGƯT Trần Hữu Nghị
PHẦN NHẬN XÉT TÓM TẮT CỦA CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN
1. Tinh thần thái độ của sinh viên trong quá trình làm đề tài tốt
nghiệp:
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2. Đánh giá chất lượng của khóa luận (so với nội dung yêu cầu đã đề ra
trong nhiệm vụ Đ.T. T.N trên các mặt lý luận, thực tiễn, tính toán số
liệu):
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3. Cho điểm của cán bộ hướng dẫn (ghi bằng cả số và chữ):
..
..
..
Hải Phòng, ngày .. tháng .. năm 2010
Cán bộ hướng dẫn
(họ tên và chữ ký)
NHẬN XÉT ĐÁNH GIÁ
CỦA NGƯỜI CHẤM PHẢN BIỆN ĐỀ TÀI TỐT NGHIỆP
1. Đánh giá chất lượng đề tài tốt nghiệp về các mặt thu thập và phân tích tài
liệu, số liệu ban đầu, giá trị lí luận và thực tiễn của đề tài.
2. Cho điểm của người chấm phản biện :
(Điểm ghi bằng số và chữ)
Ngày………. tháng……… năm 2010
Người chấm phản biện
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
During the process of completing this graduation paper, I received a lot of
help, guidance, and encouragement from many people.
First of all, I would like to express my deepest thank to Mrs Nguyen Thi
Phuong Thu – the lecturer of the Department of Foreign Language of Hai
Phong Private University, who directly instructed me for her highly
professional guidance at all stages
Secondly, I also send my gratefulness to all the teachers in Foreign
Language of Hai Phong Private University for the lectures in which the
knowledge has helped me accomplish this graduation paper.
Last but not least, I am really indebted to my family who constantly
supported me very much.
Hai phong, April, 2010
VU THI THAM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements
Part I. INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………. 1
I. Rationale ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1
II. Aims of the study ……………………………………………………………………………… 2
III. Scope of the study …………………………………………………………………………… 2
IV. Method of the study ………………………………………………………………………… 2
V. Design of the study …………………………………………………………………………… 3
Part II: DEVELOPMENT ………………………………………………………………….. 4
Chapter I: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND. …………………………………… 4
I. Language and culture …………………………………………………………………………. 4
1. Language …………………………………………………………………………………………. 4
1.1. What is language? ……………………………………………………………………… 4
1.2. Functions of language ………………………………………………………………… 5
2. Culture …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6
2.1. What is culture? ……………………………………………………………………………………… 6
2.2. Functions of culture ……………………………………………………………………………….. 7
2.3. Characteristics of culture ……………………………………………………………………….. 8
3. The relations between language and culture ……………………………………….. 10
II. Conversation ………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
1. Definition of conversation………………………………………………………………… 11
2. Functions of conversation ………………………………………………………………… 11
3. Types of conversation ……………………………………………………………………… 12
3.1. Formal conversation …………………………………………………………………………….. 12
3.2. Informal conversation ………………………………………………………………………….. 13
III. The stylistic aspects of English words vocabulary …………………………….. 14
1. Standard words ……………………………………………………………………………….. 14
1.1. What is a standard word? …………………………………………………………………….. 14
1.2. Types of standard words ………………………………………………………………………. 14
1.4. Colloquial words ………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
1.5. Bookish words………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
1.5.1. General bookish words ………………………………………………………. 15
1.5.2. Scientific words ………………………………………………………………… 15
1.5.3. Poetic and archaic words ……………………………………………………. 16
1.5.4. Non-assimilated foreign words …………………………………………… 16
2. Non-standard words ………………………………………………………………………… 16
2.1. What is a non-standard word? ……………………………………………………………… 16
2.2. Types of non-standard words ………………………………………………………………. 17
2.3. Slang ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17
2.3.1. General Slang: ……………………………………………………………………………… 17
2.3.2. Special slang …………………………………………………………………………………. 17
2.4. Vulgar words (vulgarisms) ………………………………………………………………….. 18
2.5. Dialectal words …………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
Chapter II: COLLOQUIALISM IN SOME CONVERSATIONS IN
“STREAMLINE ENGLISH DEPARTURES” …………………………………… 19
I. Colloquial words ……………………………………………………………………………… 19
1. Definition of colloquial words language …………………………………………….. 19
2. Types of colloquial words ………………………………………………………………… 23
2.1. Standard colloquial words ……………………………………………………………………. 23
2.2. Non-standard colloquial words ……………………………………………………………. 23
3. Colloquial words and slangs …………………………………………………………….. 24
II. Colloquial words or colloquialism in some conversational situations. …… 27
1. Formal conversation ………………………………………………………………………… 27
1.1. Colloquial words or colloquialism in an interview. …………………………… 27
1.2. Colloquial words or colloquialism in a conversation at an airport. …… 29
2. Informal conversation ……………………………………………………………………… 30
2.1. Colloquial words or colloquialism in conversation between husband
and wife. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31
2.2. Colloquial words or colloquialism in hotels and restaurants …………….. 32
2.3. Colloquial words or colloquialism in conversation in office …………….. 33
2.4. Colloquial words or colloquialism in a conversation at school …………. 34
Chapter III: THE DIFFICULTIES OF USING COLLOQUIAL WORDS
OR COLLOQUIALISM IN CONVERSATION AND SOME
SUGGESTIONS. ………………………………………………………………………………. 36
I. Some difficulties ……………………………………………………………………………… 36
II. Some suggestions. ………………………………………………………………………….. 39
Part III: CONCLUSION …………………………………………………………………… 40
*) APPENDIX ……………………………………………………………………………………. 42
#) Practicing exercises on colloquial words ……………………………………………. 42
#) KEY TO EXERCISE. ……………………………………………………………………… 45
REFERENCES …………………………………………………………………………………. 47
1
Part I. INTRODUCTION
I. Rationale
Nowadays, society is changing day by day, the need in communicating and
exchanging information, culture, technology and science among countries is
becoming greater, English language as a common means of communication has
become increasingly important.
In the English language, there are many fields in which each is studied
by different linguists. Lexicology, which is considered an important branch of
English language, has also been investigated and studied by many linguists. In
fact, there are many problems for the learners of English as an international
language. Among them colloquialism causes a lot of troubles.
Colloquialism is one of lexicology phenomenon which is one of the
most commonly used in conversations, so it is necessary to work in depth
with its features.
In conversations, colloquialism becomes very useful because it not only
saves time but also helps the hearer understand easily. Though colloquial
words are used quite popularly in daily conversations, they belong to a new
lexicology phenomenon for Vietnamese leaner of English because it has been
studied insufficiently.
As a matter of fact, non-native English speakers do not know how to
use colloquialism in a wide variety of contexts, which reduces effectiveness in
communication and makes the conversations sound odd.
Therefore, I choose to analyze colloquial words in some conversational
situations the textbook “Streamline English Departures” and I hope that it
will be helpful for the Vietnamese learners of English.
2
II. Aims of the study
This study mainly aims at:
+ Providing the theoretical background about language and culture,
conversation, the stylistic aspects of English words vocabulary.
+ Stating the functions of conversations.
+ Discussing colloquial words in various types of conversations.
III. Scope of the study
Colloquial words or colloquialism is an interesting field for anyone
who wants to do research on. However, due to the limitation of time and
knowledge, I only analyze colloquial words in some conversations the
textbook “Streamline English departures”. All the rest is to be left for
further research.
IV. Method of the study
With the aims of helping English learners have a thorough
understanding of colloquial words or colloquialism. I have used the following
methods to complete my study.
Firstly, this study is implemented based on the help of my teachers and
my own knowledge and experience I gained during the process of learning
English and from reference books on colloquial words or colloquialism I have
read.
Secondly, I have collected materials relating to colloquialism to give
clear and precise definition and classification of colloquial words or
colloquialism.
Lastly, the method of extracting information from various sources has
also been applied.
3
V. Design of the study
With the aims of helping readers easily understand the study, it is
clearly divided into three parts:
Part I is the Introduction which gives the background of the study. It
includes rationale, scope of the study, aims of the study, method of the study
and design of the study.
Part II is the Development which consists of three chapters:
Chapter I is the theoretical background in which the knowledge
involved in the study is referred to. It comprises the stylistic aspects of an
English conversation.
Chapter II is the detailed analysis of colloquial words used in some
conversation in “Streamline English departures”
Chapter III states some difficulties that Vietnamese learners may face
with when using colloquial words and some suggestions.
Part III is the Conclusion which summarizes things mentioned in Part
I, Part II and raises necessary petition.
4
Part II: DEVELOPMENT
Chapter I: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND.
I. Language and culture
1. Language
1.1. What is language?
A language is system of signs (symbols) for encoding and decoding
information. Since language became an object of study by the ancient
grammarians, the term has had many and different definitions.
Language has a setting-the people that speak it belong to a race or a
number or a race that is group that is set off by physical characteristic from
the other groups. Again language does not exist apart from culture, that is,
from the socially inherited assemblage of practices and belief that determines
the texture of our lives (Edward Spir, 1963:207).
Language, which is born of life, necessity and desire, develops
primarily through synthesis. M.Vendryes show that thought, a stranger to
grammatical classification begins by being poured in its molten state into
language. The verbal image or the phonetic word, just because language is
originally an action possesses the value of a sentence, nouns, representing
objects and their properties, verbs, representing states and grammatical
auxiliaries. Indicating relation, are all derived from them.
In modern times, a large number of artificial languages have been
devised, requiring a distinction between their consciously innovated type and
natural language. The term “language” has branched by analogy into several
meanings. The most obvious manifestations are spoken languages such as
English or Spoken Chinese. However, there are also written languages and
other systems of visual symbols such as sign languages. In cognitive science
the term is also sometimes extended to refer to the human cognitive facility of
creating and using language. Essential to both meanings is the systematic
5
creation and usage of systems of symbols, each pairing a specific sign with an
intended meaning, established through social conventions.
Language in a different order, is one of the most extraordinary
creations that has developed in course of human evolution, it deserves to
arrest our attention and hold it for a while.
Functions of language
Informative language function: essentially, the communication of information.
+ The informative function affirms or denies propositions, as in science
or the statement
+ This function is used to describe the world or reason about it
E.g. whether a state of affairs has occurred or not or what might
have led to it
+ These sentences have a truth value; that is, the sentences are either
true or false (recognizing, of course, that we might not know what
that true value is). Hence, they are important for logic.
Expressive language function: reports feelings or attitudes of the writer (or
speaker), or of the subject, or evokes feelings in the reader (or listener).
+ Poetry and literature are among the best examples, but much of,
perhaps most of, ordinary language discourse is the expression of
emotions, emotions, feelings or attitudes.
+ Two main aspects of this function are generally noted: evoking
certain feelings and expressing feelings.
+ Expressive discourse is best regarded as neither true nor false.
E.g. Shakespeare‟s King Lear‟s lament, “Ripeness is all”
Or Dickens‟ “It was the best of times, it was the worst of
times; it was the age of wisdom; it was the age of
foolishness”
Directive language function: language used for the purpose of causing (or
preventing) overt action.
6
+ The directive function is the most commonly found in
commands and requests.
+ Directive language is not normally considered true or false
(although various logics of commands have been developed)
+ Example of this function: “Close your window”. The sentence
“You‟re smoking in nonsmoking area”, although declarative,
can be used to mean “Do not smoke in this area”
2. Culture
2.1. What is culture?
Culture is a term used by social scientists for a people‟s whole way of
life. In everyday conversation the word “culture” may refer to activities in
such fields as art, literature, and music. But to social scientists, a people‟s
culture consists of all the ideas, objects, and way of doing things created by
the group. Culture includes arts, beliefs, customs, inven

[block id=”bo-sung”]

Từ khóa: Đề tài Analysis of colloquial language used in conversation in the text book “streamline English departures”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *