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1. The necessity of the thesis
Intellectual is the precious capital of the nation, the embodiment of the
wisdom of the times. The more developed the society, the better the position
and role of intellectuals, especially in the context of the forthcoming fourth S &
T revolution, with the increasing gray matter competition.
The Communist Party of Vietnam affirms: “In every age, knowledge is
always the foundation of social progress, the intelligentsia is the core of
creativity and the spread of knowledge. Today, along with the rapid
development of modern science and technology revolution, intellectuals have
become an especially important resource, creating the strength of each country
in its development strategy”.
Therefore, developing the intelligentsia is to raise the intellectual level
and strength of the nation, thereby contributing significantly to the cause of
building and developing the country along the socialist path that the 12th
National Assembly of the Party affirmed that “to build a contingent of
intellectuals with high quality and meet the requirements of national
development


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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS
LUONG HUU NAM
DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLECTUALS IN THE CENTRAL
HIGHLANDS IN THE PERIOD OF ACCELERATING
INDUSTRIALIZATION AND MODERNIZATION
SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS
FIELD OF STUDY: SOCIAL SCIENCE
Code: 62 22 03 08
HA NOI – 2017
THE THESIS WAS COMPLETED AT
HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS
Supervisors: 1. Prof. Dr. Trinh Quoc Tuan
2. Dr. Dinh Khac Tuan
Reviewer 1: ……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..
Reviewer 2: ……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..
Reviewer 3: ……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..
The thesis shall be defended in front of the Thesis Committee
at Academy level at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
At…… .hour………. date…….. month……….year 2017
The thesis can be found at the National Library
and the Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
1
INTRODUCTION
1. The necessity of the thesis
Intellectual is the precious capital of the nation, the embodiment of the
wisdom of the times. The more developed the society, the better the position
and role of intellectuals, especially in the context of the forthcoming fourth S &
T revolution, with the increasing gray matter competition.
The Communist Party of Vietnam affirms: “In every age, knowledge is
always the foundation of social progress, the intelligentsia is the core of
creativity and the spread of knowledge. Today, along with the rapid
development of modern science and technology revolution, intellectuals have
become an especially important resource, creating the strength of each country
in its development strategy”.
Therefore, developing the intelligentsia is to raise the intellectual level
and strength of the nation, thereby contributing significantly to the cause of
building and developing the country along the socialist path that the 12th
National Assembly of the Party affirmed that “to build a contingent of
intellectuals with high quality and meet the requirements of national
development”.
The Central Highlands are rich in potential and natural resources, and the
exploitation of these factors has spurred economic development. However, the
lack of understanding and of full and thorough assessment leads to the limited
understanding of the land and the people. Thinking of exploiting and destroying
is still mainstream at many levels, branches and people here, not yet forming
the thinking of exploiting associated with conservation and development.
Consequently, the forest is destroyed, the ecological environment is severely
degraded; Population structure is variable and unplanned; Many complex issues
arise, badly affecting the political security, social order and safety, threatening
the stability and development of the Central Highlands, thus creating holes and
gaps for the hostile forces and reactionary fighters.
The above shows that in order to ensure stability and rapid and
sustainable development, the Central Highlands needs to transform the growth
model from breadth to breadth and depth. In particular, it is necessary to build
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high quality human resources as a breakthrough. Solving this problem is to
remove the obstacles for the development here. However, finding the solution
to the problem is not easy but very difficult. Especially for a long time, the
Central Highlands is an area that is low in education and thus the human
resources in general and the intellectuals in particular have many shortcomings
in terms of quantity, quality and structure.
Besides, in the past years, although there have been many scientific
studies on the Central Highlands, but from the viewpoint of philosophy, there
are no topics to study fully and comprehensively about the development of the
intellectuals in the Central Highlands. That also raises the need to study more
about this area.
Based on the above reasons, it is very important to research, study and
evaluate the real situation of development of the intellectuals in the Central
Highlands to determine the viewpoints and solutions to continue to develop and
improve this contingent both theoretically and practically. Moreover, as a
person who has lived, matured and worked for more than 30 years in the
Central Highlands, with the desire to contribute a small part of one’s strength to
the development process, considering it as a tribute to the land and the people
here who have brought up, taken care of the PhD candidate, the topic
“Development of intellectuals in the Central Highlands in the period of
accelerated industrialization and modernization” is chosen as the Philosophy
Doctoral thesis, majoring in social science.
2. Research purposes and research tasks
2.1. Research purposes
By reviewing the real situation of development of the intellectuals in the
Central Highlands in the period of accelerating industrialization and
modernization, the dissertation proposes the basic viewpoints and key solutions
for further development of this contingent in the near future, meeting the
requirements of the industrialization and modernization of Central Highlands.
2.2. Research tasks
The dissertation outlines research works about intellectuals, development
of intellectuals in general and in the Central Highlands in the period of
3
promoting industrialization and modernization in particular. Clarification of
theoretical and practical basis for development of intellectuals in the Central
Highlands. Introduce the concept of development of intellectuals in the Central
Highlands, the factors that affect the development. On that basis, the thesis
assesses the current status of this contingent’s development in the Central
Highlands and highlights the issues set out, thereby proposing views and
solutions to continue to develop.
3. Research subjects and research scope
3.1. Research subjects
The thesis studies the intellectuals and the development of intellectuals in
Central Highlands.
3.2. Research scope
The thesis researches intellectuals and development of the intellectuals in
five provinces of Central Highlands from 1996 to present.
4. Theoretical, practical basis and research methodology
4.1. Theoretical and practical basis
– Theoretical basis: The implementation of the thesis is based on the
theoretical basis of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, the Party’s view
and the law of the Government on intellectuals, the development of the
intellectuals. The thesis selectively inherits the theoretical research achievements
of the social sciences and humanities related to the topic.
– Practical basis: Development status of the intellectuals in the Central
Highlands in the period of promoting industrialization and modernization.
4.2. Research Methodology
– Methodology: Apply the point of dialectical materialism, historical
materialism to the research process.
– Secondary Document Study: Data are collected from documents,
published research related to the topic.
– The method of sociological investigation: Developing, using the
questionnaire. The total number of questionnaires was 750. Those who are
surveyed are people with university or higher degree, living and working in the
Central Highlands provinces. The timeframe for the survey is from October
2015 to May 2016.
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– Method of presenting the content of the thesis: Historical – logiccal,
analysis – synthesis, comparison, statistics.
5. New contributions of the thesis
– The thesis presents the concept of the intellectuals and development of
the intellectuals in the Central Highlands. The relationship between
development of the intellectuals in the Central Highlands with industrialization,
modernization and fundamental factors affecting the development of this
contingent.
– Providing a view on the real situation of intellectuals and development
of intellectuals in the Central Highlands in the period of promoting
industrialization and modernization and problems in the development process
of this contingent.
– Proposing fundamental views, main solutions for further development of
intellectuals in the Central Highlands in the coming time.
6. Theoretical and practical meanings of the thesis
– Theoretical meaning: Contributing to adding some theoretical contents
on intellectuals and development of intellectuals in the Central Highlands to
improve the basis for considering and issuing policy for the development of this
contingent.
– Practical meaning: contributing to clarify the real situation of
development of intellectuals in the Central Highlands and solutions for further
development of this team.
The thesis can be a reference in academic research.
7. Structure of the thesis
In addition to the introduction, conclusions and recommendations, list of
scientific works, list of references and appendix, thesis consists of 4 chapters,
10 sections.
5
Chapter 1
OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION RELATING
TO THE THESIS TOPIC
1.1. RESEARCH WORKS ON THE INTELLECTUALS AND THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTELLECTUAL CONTINGENT
1.1.1. Studies of the intelligentsia
There are many scientific works referring to intellectuals and the
intellectual contingent, including some typical works as follows: 1. Intellectuals
of ancient Vietnam by Vu Khieu; 2. Uncle Ho with intellectual scholars
composed by Tran Duong; 3. The Russian intellectuals of many authors
(Russian), translated by La Thanh and Pham Nguyen Truong; 4. Vietnam
intellectual resources, history, current status and prospects edited by Nguyen
Van Khanh; 5. Intellectuals of Vietnam advancing along the times of Nguyen
Dac Hung; 6. Vietnamese women’s intellectuals in the current renovation – the
potential and direction of construction of Do Thi Thach; 7. The knowledge of
ethnic minorities in Vietnam in the renovation of Trinh Quang Canh; 8.
Vietnamese Intellectuals in the Development of the Knowledge Economy of
Nguyen Cong Tri; 9. Vietnam’s higher education intellectuals in training high
quality human resources in the period of accelerated industrialization and
modernization of Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha; 10. Renew the Party’s leadership of
intellectual advocacy in the current period of Le Cong Luong; 11. V. I. Lenin’s
views and policies on the intellectuals in socialist revolution by Trinh Quoc
Tuan; 12. Some aspects on the role of intellectuals – the European view of Tran
Phuong Hoa; 13. Talent Management Policy of Singapore: systematic and
professional of Ha Minh.
1.1.2. Studies on the development of intellectuals
Regarding the development of intellectuals, there are some typical
projects as follows: 1. Scientific argument for policies to promote creativity of
intellectuals and students led by Pham Tat Dong; 2. Human resources training
in Japan, lessons for Vietnam edited by Nguyen Tien Luc; 3. Promote the
potential of Vietnamese social science intellectuals of Nguyen An Ninh; 4. To
build a contingent of intellectuals in the period of accelerating industrialization
and modernization according to Ho Chi Minh’s ideology co-edited by Nguyen
Khanh Bat and Tran Thi Huyen; 5. Current situation and solutions to build
6
Vietnamese intellectuals in the cause of national renewal of Dam Duc Vuong;
6. Vietnam Talent Development Strategy of Cao Van Thong and Do Xuan
Tuat; 7. Development of high quality human resources in the process of
industrialization and modernization in Da Nang city today by Le Van Phuc; 8.
The motivation of intellectuals in creative work in our country today by Phan
Thanh Khoi; 9. Promote the intellectual resources of Bui Thi Ngoc Lan in our
country’s current renovation process; 10. Building a team of architects in the
field of renovation in our country today by Le Quang Quy; 11. Building a team
of intellectuals in Ho Chi Minh City in the cause of industrialization and
modernization of Truong Van Tuan; 12. Building the Vietnamese intelligentsia:
Finnish experience of Nguyen Thanh Huy; 13. Attract and merit talent in the
current period of Dinh Ngoc Giang; 14. Building intellectuals in the period of
accelerated industrialization and modernization of Phung Huu Phu.
1.2. RESEARCH WORKS ON INTELLECTUALS AND THE
DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLECTUALS IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS
IN THE PERIOD OF PROMOTING INDUSTRIALIZATION AND
MODERNIZATION
1.2.1. Studies of intellectuals in the Central Highlands
In fact, there are many studies on the Central Highlands, but in-depth
research on intellectuals in the Central Highlands is not much. Related to this
issue in the past few years are the following: 1. Central Highlands at the end of
the 20th century, the population and human resources of Nguyen Tuan Triet; 2.
Y. Ngông Niê Kđăm life and in the hearts of friends and colleagues by many
authors; 3. Aiming toward Sustainable Development in Central Highlands
edited by Le Van Khoa and Pham Quang Tu; 4. On human resources and
science and technology policy in the province, report of Kon Tum Union of
Science and Technology Associations; 5. Culture and people of the Central
Highlands in the artistic prose 1945-2000 by Dang Van Vu; 6. A new
intellectual class of the Central Highlands, completely true by Nguyen Ngoc; 7.
The main solution for development of Dak Lak’s intellectual resources to 2020
by Pham The Trinh.
1.2.2. Studies on the development of intellectuals in the Central
Highlands
Regarding the development of intellectuals in the Central Highlands in
recent years, there are some typical projects, such as: 1. Some issues of building
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a contingent of key leaders of ethnic minority groups in the Central Highlands
edited by Le Huu Nghia; 2. Study and propose solutions to training the sources
and effective use of ethnic minority intellectuals in Dak Lak province headed
by Nguyen Duc Bach; 3. Assessment of the situation and propose some
solutions to promote the intellectuals of the intelligentsia in Dak Lak province
led by Y Niem Niet; 4. Current status and solutions for human resource
development for socio-economic development in Dak Nong province to 2020
by Nguyen Vo Linh; 5. Research on the situation and propose measures to build
the intelligentsia team in Lam Dong province headed by Truong Tro; 5. To
create a source of cadres and civil servants of Tay Nguyen ethnic minority
people in the current period of Truong Thi Bach Yen; 6. Development of the
head of the high school in the Central Highlands provinces in the context of
education reform of Cao Thi Thanh Xuan; 7. Improve the quality of key staff at
district level in the Central Highlands provinces in the current period of Nguyen
Thanh Dung; 8. Develop human resources in tourism in South Central Coast
and Central Highlands of Tran Son Hai; 9. Building the contingent of ethnic
intellectuals in the Central Highlands in the renewal period of Truong Minh
Duc; 10. Results of the five-year implementation of the Resolution of the 7th
Central Committee (Xth session) on building intellectuals in Gia Lai province
of Pham Thi Thu Dung; 11. Development and training of human resources in
the Central Highlands in the renovation and development by Bui Tat Thang; 12.
Development and training of human resources in the renewal period,
presentation by Department of Science and Technology of Dak Lak province;
13. University training with the development of high quality human resources
in the Central Highlands nowadays by Truong Thi Hanh.
1.3. VALUES OF RESEARCH WORKDS AND ISSUES NEED
FURTHER STUDYING
1.3.1. Values of the research works
Firstly, it is possible to see the array of intellectuals has attracted the
attention of many scientists with many studies. In those works, although there
are still different understandings, they have confirmed the position, the
important role of intellectuals for social development. Many works have stated
and analyzed the concept, function and characteristics of intellectuals.
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Secondly, many scientific works have gained great results in assessing the
real situation of intellectuals, drawing lessons and proposing ideas and solutions
to the development of this team.
Thirdly, in scientific studies, when evaluating and analyzing the situation, there
are many information and data which have clear, reliable and persuasive origin.
Fourthly, in assessing the development of intellectuals, many works
emphasized on the development in quantity, quality, structure and guidelines of
the Party, the State’s policies and laws towards this contingent. In terms of
numbers, there is an emphasis on the increase in the number of people with
university education; The structure emphasizes the structure of the training sector,
field of work…; The quality is shown in health, knowledge and moral qualities.
Fifthly, in the researches on intellectuals and intellectuals development in
the Central Highlands (mainly in each of the Central Highlands provinces), there
have been initial observations, analyzes of achievements, limitations and causes.
1.3.2. The inheritance of the thesis and issues need further studying
These researches have achieved great results in solving some theoretical
issues, realities of intellectuals and development of intellectuals. Those results
are an important basis for the acquisition, inheritance in the process of
implementation of the thesis.
However, from the viewpoint of development of intellectuals in the
Central Highlands, there is no scientific work to fully and comprehensively
address the theory, practice and reality of the development of intellectuals here,
especially in the period of accelerated industrialization and modernization.
Therefore, the thesis focuses on solving some of them, namely:
Firstly, presenting the concept of intellectuals and the development of
intellectuals in the Central Highlands, the relationship between intellectuals
development in the Central Highlands and the accelerating of industrialization
and modernization and factors affecting the development of this contingent;
Secondly, analyzing and assessing the development of intellectuals in the
Central Highlands, achievements, constraints, causes and issues for
development of this contingent;
Thirdly, on the basis of the real situation of development of intellectuals
in the Central Highlands and the issues raised, the dissertation proposes basic
ideas and key solutions for further development of this team in the coming time,
meeting the requirements of the cause of accelerating industrialization and
modernization of Central Highlands.
9
Chapter 2
DEVELOPING INTELLECTUALS IN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS IN THE
PERIOD OF ACCELERATING OF INDUSTRIALIZATION AND
MODERNIZATION THERETICAL AND PRACTICE ISSUES
2.1. SOME BASIC CONCEPTS
2.1.1. The concept of intellectuals and intellectuals in the Central
Highlands
2.1.1.1. The concept of intellectuals
There are now many different views on the intelligentsia. Based on the
study of these concepts, the PhD candidate affirms that the Vietnamese
Communist Party’s notion of intellectuals is a fairly comprehensive reflection of
intellectuals, especially Vietnamese intellectuals, being the basis, the
orientation to study the intellectuals and development of the intellectuals
nowadays.
2.1.1.2. The concept of intellectuals in the Central Highlands
Based on the concept of knowledge and the specific characteristics of the
natural, social, cultural and ethnic conditions in the Central H

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