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1. The necessity of the thesis
In facing the need to choose the revolutionary path to liberate and develop the
nation, Ho Chi Minh formed his philosophy of action from an early age, becoming a
consistent theme throughout the rest of his life. Going out to the world, approaching
the Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh found a way to save the country and liberate
the nation by ensuring national independence associated with socialism. Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action indicates that national independence and national
independence right is sacred, inviolable and that freedom andhappiness for the people
is the ultimate goal of all actions. The objective of Ho Chi Minh’s action is the
constant values and goals expressed by the rich and powerful actions of Ho Chi Minh
in the process of leading and realizing revolutionary goals. The philosophy of Ho Chi
Minh’s actions objective is still valuable, contributing to the orientation of action for
the Party and the people in the cause of national renewal and development.
Through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh not only selected the
philosophical values of the nation, of the East, of the West but also recognized and
developed motives for revolutionary action. The philosophy of the power of the
masses, the role of the masses are grasped in action. The people are the bottom line,
the core value of all action, the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. Patriotism of
the people in the national tradition identified by Ho Chi Minh as “your precious
things”, and by concrete, practical actions, he arouse and promoted those precious
things to serve the revolutionary cause. Patriotism is promoted by “emulation is
patriotism, patriotism must emulate”, and the spirit of “solidarity, unity, national
unity” of the nation and the world, creating strong driving force determining the
revolutionary victory. In the revolutionary cause, the democratic way of doing
things has become a “universal key” to solve all difficulties. The philosophy of
action dynamics embodied in Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action is based on
scientific theories, with affirmative and practical results, which have been the
orientations for the Party’s actions in formulating policies and building directions in
order to bring into full play the dynamics of the cause of revolution in the new
conditions of the country

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS
YEN NGOC TRUNG
HO CHI MINH’S PHILOSOPHY OF ACTION
SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS
FIELD OF STUDY: HO CHI MINH STUDIES
Code: 62 31 02 04
HA NOI – 2017
The thesis was completed at
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof., Dr. Bui Dinh Phong
2. Assoc. Prof., Dr. Le Van Tich
Reviewer 1: ….
Reviewer 2: …
..
Reviewer 3: …
..
The thesis shall be defended in front of the Thesis Committee
at Academy Level at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Athourdatemonth. year 2017
The thesis can be found at: The National Library and
Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
1
INTRODUCTION
1. The necessity of the thesis
In facing the need to choose the revolutionary path to liberate and develop the
nation, Ho Chi Minh formed his philosophy of action from an early age, becoming a
consistent theme throughout the rest of his life. Going out to the world, approaching
the Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh found a way to save the country and liberate
the nation by ensuring national independence associated with socialism. Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action indicates that national independence and national
independence right is sacred, inviolable and that freedom andhappiness for the people
is the ultimate goal of all actions. The objective of Ho Chi Minh’s action is the
constant values and goals expressed by the rich and powerful actions of Ho Chi Minh
in the process of leading and realizing revolutionary goals. The philosophy of Ho Chi
Minh’s actions objective is still valuable, contributing to the orientation of action for
the Party and the people in the cause of national renewal and development.
Through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh not only selected the
philosophical values of the nation, of the East, of the West but also recognized and
developed motives for revolutionary action. The philosophy of the power of the
masses, the role of the masses are grasped in action. The people are the bottom line,
the core value of all action, the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. Patriotism of
the people in the national tradition identified by Ho Chi Minh as “your precious
things”, and by concrete, practical actions, he arouse and promoted those precious
things to serve the revolutionary cause. Patriotism is promoted by “emulation is
patriotism, patriotism must emulate”, and the spirit of “solidarity, unity, national
unity” of the nation and the world, creating strong driving force determining the
revolutionary victory. In the revolutionary cause, the democratic way of doing
things has become a “universal key” to solve all difficulties. The philosophy of
action dynamics embodied in Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action is based on
scientific theories, with affirmative and practical results, which have been the
orientations for the Party’s actions in formulating policies and building directions in
order to bring into full play the dynamics of the cause of revolution in the new
conditions of the country.
Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action is reflected in the rich and profound
revolutionary cause. The philosophy of “Invaluable change for change” is Ho Chi
Minh’s method of action and of leading actions. Thoroughly grasping this philosophy
in action assures the independence of the people, the freedom and happiness of the
people, and shows the flexibility and creativity in concrete methods of action to
accomplish the goal set out by the revolution.
Facing the degradation of ideology, morality, saying not to go along with
doing, saying one thing but doing another, etc. among the current cadres, party
members, philosophy of action method “exemplifying in action”, “Party members
2
leading then the village following”, Party members are “model boat” in Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action further affirming the strong values of implementing the
philosophy. Ho Chi Minh’s action philosophy concerning speaking with actual action,
exemplifying in action, is a value that needs to be developed and expanded,
becoming important criteria in assessing moral qualities, ideology of cadres and party
members nowadays.
With the results achieved in the reality of revolutionary action, Ho Chi Minh’s
philosophy of action has contributed to the development of the philosophy of action
contained in Marxism-Leninism, developing the philosophy of action of the nation to
a new level. Contents of the philosophy of action orientated the Party’s activities and
in building quality, standards of action, fighting, working and learning for cadres and
party members. At the same time, the successes of the Vietnamese revolution and Ho
Chi Minh’s philosophy of action have strongly supported the revolutionary movement
of colonial national liberation in the world. Implementing his philosophy of action,
Ho Chi Minh showed that the example of the pure, loyal international communist
soldiers, affirmed the philosophical act of humanity of the nation of Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action, with its deep and scientific content, its
values enrich Ho Chi Minh’s legacy, the tremendous spiritual wealth of the Party and
people, Theoretical and practical values of the philosophy have significance for the
development of the nation and the era. For that reason, I chose Ho Chi Minh’s
Philosophy of Action as my doctoral thesis with the desire to understand and
contribute to the clarification of Ho Chi Minh’s treasure.
2. Research purpose and research tasks
2.1. Research purpose
The dissertation will clarify the concept, basis of formation, nature and basic
contents; Ethnic and era values of Ho Chi Minh’s Philosophy of Action.
2.2. Research task
– Overview of the research situation related to the thesis topic, showing the
results, identifying the thesis issues that should be further studied and clarified.
– Definition of concepts; The basis of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action.
– Analyzing the content, defining the nature of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
of action.
– Assessing the national and the era values of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
of action.
3. Subject and scope of the study
3.1. Research subjects
Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action includes the foundational aspects, the
content, the nature, the values of the nation, and the values of era of the philosophy.
3.2. Research scope
From the perspective of Ho Chi Minh, concerning the materials, the thesis
analyzes actions, tasks, articles, speeches, practical guidance; regarding the content, it
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is the views, the practical action; as for the timing, it is mainly after the August
Revolution from 1945 to 1969, to clarify the content and value of Ho Chi Minh’s
philosophy of action.
4. Theoretical basis and research methodology
4.1. Theoretical basis
The theoretical basis of the thesis is the views of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi
Minh’s ideology, the Communist Party of Vietnam on the path, goals, motives and
methods of revolutionary action.
4.2. Research Methodology
The thesis uses dialectical materialist methodology, historical materialism and
specific methods: Logical and historical methods in analyzing and evaluating events
and actions of Ho Chi Minh; abstracting and generalizing methods to clarify Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action in different fields, and at the same time using a number
of other specific methods such as analysis, comparison, synthesis, etc. to fulfil the
purpose of the dissertation.
5. Scientific and practical contribution of the thesis
5.1. Scientific contribution
– The thesis contributes to clarify the concept, defining the nature of Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action.
– The topic clarifies the foundation basis and contents of Ho Chi Minh’s
philosophy of action.
– Determining ethnic values and values of the era of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
of action; contributing to affirm the comprehensiveness of the Ho Chi Minh heritage.
5.2. Practical contribution
In theory: The dissertation contributes to increase the knowledge of political
science in general, of Ho Chi Minh in particular and becoming the basis for the
Communist Party of Vietnam to apply in the process of social development, especially
the problem of unifying in the actions, words and deeds of the contingent of cadres and
party members in the context of the renovation and integration of the country.
In practice: The dissertation can be used as a reference for study and research
in the fields of political science such as: Ho Chi Minh studies, politics, Party
construction as well as applied in building and rectifying the current Party.
6. Structure of the thesis
In addition to the Introduction, Conclusion, List of References, the thesis is
structured in 4 chapters, 12 sectiond:
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Chapter 1
OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION
1.1. Study of philosophy
The study of philosophy is not much, some studies have mentioned the
philosophy only to unify the concept of philosophy, as a basis for the study of the
content of a particular philosophy. A review of the philosophical research reveals that
the perception of conceptual and perceptual characteristics in relation to the
philosophy of the researchers is relatively uniform. There is different perceptions of
philosophy in works, but they are fundamentally not contradictory but
complementary. Studies have always put philosophy in relation to philosophy,
comparison, distinction of concepts, understanding of the relationship between
philosophy and philosophy is increasingly clear.
1.2. Study of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
Researching on the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh recently was also widely
concerned by many researchers. However, there are not many specialized researches
on Ho Chi Minh philosophy. Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy is mentioned scattered in the
study of method and ideology in the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh. The research works
are mainly journal articles or scientific thematic articles. Ho Chi Minh’s philosophies
that were invested to be researched is the philosophy of “Being invariant to change
variables”, philosophy of social development, these are also works of scientific value.
Studying the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh needs more attention and investment
because of the scientific values and requirements of the country.
1.3. Study the Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action
Until now, no work has studied the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh.
However, in the study of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophies or in the study of the method,
style and philosophical ideology of Ho Chi Minh, the action philosophy of Ho Chi
Minh was mentioned. The approach to the content of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of
action shows that the works reflected the goals, methods, motives, forms of
expression, the formation path of the philosophy of action. However, the content is
scattered in the works, there has been no work studying to clarify the philosophy of
action of Ho Chi Minh.
1.4. Evaluation of the published research results and issues set out for
the thesis
1.4.1. Achieved research results
Firstly, through the works, philosophical concepts, Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
and Ho Chi Minh’s development philosophy are basically unified. It was able to
initially determine the relationship between Ho Chi Minh’s philosophies, the
relationship between Ho Chi Minh’s action philosophy and Ho Chi Minh’s
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philosophies. Works that evaluate the relationship between philosophy, or
philosophies on one level are the study of Ho Chi Minh’s ideology.
Secondly, the researchers asserted that Ho Chi Minh had many philosophies
such as development philosophy, philosophy of people, humanity philosophy, moral
philosophy, educational philosophy… and affirmed that there is the philosophy of
action of Ho Chi Minh. In Ho Chi Minh, the philosophy of every problem is
expressed in concrete action, Ho Chi Minh’s action philosophy is mixed in other
philosophies.
Thirdly, the researchers consider Marxist-Leninist philosophy as the basis of
Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy. Researchers agreed that Ho Chi Minh is a practical
philosopher. Applicants of the principles, rules, and pairs of Marxist – Leninist
philosophical categories in the revolutionary practice of Vietnam in the manner of
Vietnamese and Eastern people, to carry out the renovation and social development
in the spirit of Lenin-Marxism.
Fourthly, the works affirmed that there is Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action,
citing some aspects of the content, expression of the form, the relationship of the
philosophy of action with the categories of ethics,… or the relationship between the
philosophy of action and Ho Chi Minh’s development philosophy, but not enough
and only for the purpose of researching other content.
Fifthly, researches, when referring to Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy, are of high
interest to the researchers in the following matters: the philosophy of the people, the
philosophy of humanity, the goal of action is to solve people report, human
liberation, social liberation; Theory attached to reality is the supreme principle, the
goal of action; speaking along with doing is one of the characteristics of Ho Chi
Minh’s style and method; ” Being invariant to change variables” is the principle
considered action number one, culminating in the action method of Ho Chi Minh.
These are issues that will be discussed by the thesis from the perspective of Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action.
1.4.2. Issues set out need further studying
Firstly, acquire and present the system of concepts related to Ho Chi Minh
philosophy and action philosophy. Formulating the concept of Ho Chi Minh’s
Philosophy of Action. Confirming Ho Chi Minh’s Philosophy of Action is the basis
for defining Ho Chi Minh’s goals, motives, and methods of action for other
philosophies, as well as a fundamental way of expressing Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy
in revolutionary practice.
Secondly, the dissertation explores the forming foundations and nature of Ho
Chi Minh’s philosophical nature.
Thirdly, from the clues, the arguments in researches on the unification of
theory and practice, on the speaking goes along with doing, about “being invariant to
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change variables”,… the author of the thesis continues to clarify the content of Ho Chi
Minh’s action philosophy, objectives, motives and methods of action in Ho Chi
Minh’s philosophy of action.
Fourthly, from determining the basis of formation, nature, content, the thesis
determine the value of the theory and practice of philosophy.
Summary of Chapter 1
A review of the study shows that researches on Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy and
Ho Chi Minh’s action philosophy have achieved some initial results. The researchers
agreed that there is a philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. This philosophy is
reflected in Ho Chi Minh’s writings, speeches, and actions during revolutionary life.
In the works, the researchers only mentioned one or some aspects of Ho Chi Minh’s
philosophy of action, none of which worked on Ho Chi Minh’s action philosophy as
the research subject. As approaching the study of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of
action, the dissertation points out some of the contents of the philosophy that have
been mentioned by the works, on the basis of which performing evaluation of the
results of the research and the problems set out for the thesis to continue research.
Overview of the research situation is the basis for the dissertation to fulfill the
purpose and task of studying Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action.
Chapter 2
CONCEPTS, FOUNDATIONS AND NATURE OF
HO CHI MINH’S PHILOSOPHY OF ACTION
2.1. Some concepts
2.1.1. The concept of “philosophy”
“Philosophy” is a term derived from the Greek word “Philosophia” which
means “loving wisdom”. Philosophy used in the popular sense is the study of the
most common problems of nature, society and people, the relationship of people in
general, of human thinking in particular with the world around. In terms of form,
“philosophy” is a special form of consciousness and awareness, represented by a
system of abstract principles, views, generalizations, and strict internal logic. It is the
system of knowledge about the foundations and fundamental principles of the
relationship between man and nature, society and spiritual life, which express a
particular rational cognition of the system of the basic problem of human existence.
2.1.2. The concept of “theory of philosophy”
In the Vietnamese Dictionary of the Institute of Linguistics, “philosophy” is
understood as “philosophical theory”, “general concept of human beings on human
7
and social issues”, “theories on the issues of human and the society”. In the
Dictionary of Vietnamese words and definitions, the word “philosophical theory” in a
word-by-word way, in which “philosophica” is wisdom, “theory” is reason, rationale,
for example, the rationale of philosophy. In the great Vietnamese dictionary “theory
of philosophy” is also referred to as “philosophical theory” and is also understood as
“the general and deepest human notion of human and social problems”. In other
research, Vietnamese scientists have quite a variety of interpretations of the concept
of “philosophical theory” which can be understood as: Philosophical theory is the
conjugal proposition from the experiences of human that is morally oriented in the
relationship between man and man, man with nature, man with society, become the
motto of human life and action.
2.1.3. The concept of “Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action”
Ho Chi Minh associated the theory with practicality in a smooth way,
practicalizing theories and theoreticalizing practice. He advocates actions and by
concrete actions improving practice, speaking along with doing, doing more than
speaking. He himself is a convincing example, the fire-acter, the one who awakens
the peasantry, awakens the slave souls. Ho Chi Minh always shows the consistency
between motivation and action, from big to small, from closer to farer subjects, all are
clear, thorough, specific, planned, programmed, methods with reasonable steps. Ho
Chi Minh’s actions were not only aimed at solving the immediate problems, the
pressing necessities of the revolution, but also the future development of the nation.
In every action, on every field, Ho Chi Minh always put the people in the first place,
considering the forces of the people being the greatest, it is the people who decide the
survival of the country, the development of the revolutionary movement. From that
point, it set out the responsibility of the Party and the State in all actions towards the
people, to be loved by the people, to always love the people, to believe in the people,
to respect the people, to put the interests of the people first and foremost, to be
objective, to benefit the people, avoiding harm to the people.
Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action manifests itself in a variety of forms,
mainly through practical activities, along with some of his writings and speeches,
bearing the traits of the traditional philosophy of the nation but was scientifically
supplemented and developed by philosophy of action contained in Marxism-
Leninism. Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action is poignant, profound statements that
show Ho Chi Minh’s goals, motives, and methods of action for the cause of liberation
and development of the country. With this understanding, Ho Chi Minh’s Philosophy
of Action is approached to the widest possible extent, as a whole, a independent
research subject, pointing out the basic underlying contents of Ho Chi Minh’s
philosophy of action.
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2.2. The formulation basis

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