[block id=”bo-sung-1″]

1. The necessity of the thesis
Ho Chi Minh President is the hero of national liberation, the outstanding
cultural celebrity of Vietnam. He has a beautiful personality and has left a deep
impression in the flow of human history, contributing to the enrichment and
development of the common values of humankind. Therefore, researching the
personality of Ho Chi Minh will help to clarify the unique values of Ho Chi Minh.
Ho Chi Minh’s personality, which was shaped and developed from the
multi-dimensional influences of the economic, historical, cultural, social and
human conditions of the places where he lived and worked expressed through
the thoughts and actions of Ho Chi Minh. Especially, cultural space was also
one of the factors that had a deep influence on the formation and development
of Ho Chi Minh’s personality, Hue has a particularly important place.
In Hue imperial capital, the economic, political, cultural and social
changes strongly affected to Ho Chi Minh. With the sensitivity of the intelligent
learner and the desire to learn, to acquire new knowledge, Ho Chi Minh soon
recognized the values of Hue culture, the cultural quintessence of the nation and
humanity. From then on, Ho Chi Minh took a more mature step in thinking and
acting, directly participating in the Duy Tan movement, fighting against the
Thua Thien Hue people

luan_an_hue_cultural_space_with_the_formation_of_ho_chi_minh

pdf27 trang | Chia sẻ: tranhieu.10 | Ngày: 26/07/2018 | Lượt xem: 528 | Lượt tải: 1download

Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang tài liệu Luận án Hue cultural space with the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên

HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS
NGUYEN VAN QUANG
HUE CULTURAL SPACE WITH
THE FORMATION OF HO CHI MINH’S PERSONALITY
SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS
FIELD OF STUDY: HO CHI MINH STUDIES
Code: 62 31 02 04
HA NOI – 2017
The thesis was completed at
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof., Dr. Pham Hong Chuong
2. Dr. Ly Viet Quang
Review 1: …………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………….
Review 2: …………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………….
Review 3: …………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………….
The thesis shall be defended in front of the Thesis Committee
at Academy Level at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
At …… hour …… date …… month …… year 20….
The thesis can be found at: The National Library and
Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
1
INTRODUCTION
1. The necessity of the thesis
Ho Chi Minh President is the hero of national liberation, the outstanding
cultural celebrity of Vietnam. He has a beautiful personality and has left a deep
impression in the flow of human history, contributing to the enrichment and
development of the common values of humankind. Therefore, researching the
personality of Ho Chi Minh will help to clarify the unique values of Ho Chi Minh.
Ho Chi Minh’s personality, which was shaped and developed from the
multi-dimensional influences of the economic, historical, cultural, social and
human conditions of the places where he lived and worked expressed through
the thoughts and actions of Ho Chi Minh. Especially, cultural space was also
one of the factors that had a deep influence on the formation and development
of Ho Chi Minh’s personality, Hue has a particularly important place.
In Hue imperial capital, the economic, political, cultural and social
changes strongly affected to Ho Chi Minh. With the sensitivity of the intelligent
learner and the desire to learn, to acquire new knowledge, Ho Chi Minh soon
recognized the values of Hue culture, the cultural quintessence of the nation and
humanity. From then on, Ho Chi Minh took a more mature step in thinking and
acting, directly participating in the Duy Tan movement, fighting against the
Thua Thien Hue people.
The time of living in Hue combined with the culture of Nghe An has
penetrated and deeply influenced Ho Chi Minh’s perception, action and
personality. As Pham Van Dong said: “Time in Hue was the time that Nguyen
Tat Thanh grew up and started school. Those years were extremely important to
the formation of Nguyen Ai Quoc – Ho Chi Minh, the time of forming a strange
man, with strange ideas, resulting in strange achievements”. However, so far
there have not been many studies and commentaries on the influence of Hue
Cultural Space on the formation and development of Ho Chi Minh’s
personality. Therefore, researching the subject of Hue Cultural Space with the
formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality to realize how Hue culture greatly
influenced the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality. At the same time,
2
contributing to the clarification of the life, the revolutionary, the thought and
personality of the great man – Ho Chi Minh.
2. Research purposes and tasks
2.1. Research purposes
The thesis studies and clarifies the effects of Hue Cultural Space on the
formation and development of Ho Chi Minh ideology; on that basis, analyzing
the manifestations of Ho Chi Minh’s personality from the influence of the Hue
Cultural Space, thus drawing the meaning of the research problem for the
development of Ho Chi Minh’s personality Vietnamese today.
2.2. Research tasks
Clarifying the concept and structure of personality and Ho Chi Minh’s
personality; concept, structure of Hue Cultural Space; analyzing the factors of
Hue Cultural Space that influenced the formation and development of Ho Chi
Minh’s personality; analyzing the manifestations of Ho Chi Minh’s personality
from the influence of the Hue Cultural Space; drew some remarks on the
influence of Hue Cultural Space on the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality
and the significance of the research problem for the development of Ho Chi
Minh’s personality.
3. Subjects and scope of research
3.1. Research subjects
The influence of Hue Cultural Space on the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s
personality and the manifestations of Ho Chi Minh’s personality from the
influence of the Hue Cultural Space.
3.2. Research scope
– Content: The thesis focuses on the influence of Hue Cultural Space on
the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality and the manifestations of Ho Chi
Minh’s personality from the influence of the Hue Cultural Space. However, the
thesis only deals with the following aspects: Firstly, clarifying the basic
elements of Hue Cultural Space that influences the formation and development
of Ho Chi Minh’s personality; Secondly, clarifying the manifestations of Ho Chi
Minh’s personality during his time in Hue, under the influence of the Hue
Cultural Space.
3
– Space: Thua Thien Hue in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
– Time: The thesis studies Hue Cultural Space in the late nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries, associated with the time Ho Chi Minh lived, studied and
worked in Hue before going out to find a way to save the country.
4. Theoretical basis and research methodology
4.1. Theoretical basis
Theoretical basis of the thesis is the view of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi
Minh’s ideology; the guiding view of the Communist Party of Vietnam in the
study of Ho Chi Minh’s life and history and culture.
4.2. Methodology
Dialectical materialism and historical materialism are the methodology of
research and implementation of theses.
4.3. Specific research methods
– Research on the influence of Hue Cultural Space on the formation of Ho
Chi Minh’s personality is carried out on the basis of the approach of
interdisciplinary sciences; on the basis of Marxist-Leninist ideas, Ho Chi Minh’s
ideology, guidelines, policies and policies of the Communist Party in Vietnam.
– Interdisciplinary approach to history, historical science as a background,
Ho Chi Minh as the main axis, cultural studies, anthropology as a research,
analysis and argument. Historical, cultural and anthropological sciences focus on
issues related to culture, values, human personality. The psychology of science,
education, sociology, human studies clarify issues related to human personality,
the influence of life on the formation and development of human personality.
– In addition to the above theoretical and methodological basis, the author
also uses methods such as analysis, syndissertation, history, logic, inductive,
interpretation, statistics, comparison, fieldwork, literature study, exchange with
experts, etc. to search and analyze the research results available to describe and
generalize the panorama on the topic of research from different angles.
5. New contributions to the science of the subject
– Clarify the influences of the Hue Cultural Space on the formation of Ho
Chi Minh.
– Based on the study of the influence of Hue Cultural Space on the
formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality, the thesis contributes to clarify the
4
manifestations of Ho Chi Minh’s personality from the influence of the elements
in Hue culture, associated with the period of Ho Chi Minh’s living and studying
in Hue.
6. Theoretical and practical significance of the thesis
6.1. Theoretical significance
The results of the thesis contribute to further clarify the life and origin of Ho
Chi Minh’s ideology and personality; clarify the influence of the Hue Cultural
Space on the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality and the expressions of Ho
Chi Minh’s personality from the influence of Hue Cultural Space; draw some
remarks and implications of the research problem for the development of
personality Ho Chi Minh today.
6.2. Practical significance
The thesis can be used as a reference, propaganda, study, research and
teaching of Ho Chi Minh’s ideology and personality in the locality; is a scientific
basis for studying Ho Chi Minh’s personality, studying the effects of cultural
spaces to Ho Chi Minh, as well as a source of information for the education of
personality of students; developing local historical education materials, orienting
to educate and train the personality of students in colleges, universities, education
in the family, school and society nowadays.
7. Structure of the thesis
In addition to the Introduction, Conclusion, List of published works of the
author related to thesis topic and reference list, the content of thesis consists of 4
chapters, 8 periods.
5
Chapter 1
OVERVIEW OF STUDY RELATED TO THE THESIS
1.1. OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATIONS ON THE THESIS
1.1.1. Studies of Hue Cultural Space
1.1.1.1. Overseas studies
Some typical studies: Hue Friends Association (Association des Amis du
Vieux Hué – Bulletin des Amis du Vieux Hué); The Bulletin des Amis du Vieux
Hué research works are very productive. However, they do not go directly to study
on “Hue Cultural Space”, but study the smaller issues of Hue culture.
1.1.1.2. National studies
Some typical works: Thua Thien Hue geography; 700 years of Thuan Hoa –
Phu Xuan – Hue; Hue Cultural Overview; Hue Voice – Hue people & Hue culture;
Hue ancient culture; Hue – Nguyen Dynasty. A look; Feelings about Hue culture;
Sub-cultural area of Hue; Hue culture in the flow of Vietnamese culture; Some
meanings about the nature of Hue culture; Outline of the development of Phu
Xuan culture – Hoa Chau period; Ethnic culture identity through Hue nuance…
Although the above mentioned works access to Hue Cultural Space in different
aspects, limited of these works are not analyzed Hue Cultural Space, as well as a
system of traditional cultural typical values of this land.
1.1.2. Studies of Ho Chi Minh’s personality
1.1.2.1. Overseas studies
Some typical works: Ho Chi Minh – A portrait; Ho Chi Minh a life; Ho Chi
Minh, A Political Biography; Why Vietnam?; Visiting a communist soldier
Nguyen Ai Quoc; Ho; President Ho Chi Minh through the feeling of a Korean; Ho
Chi Minh spirit in Latin America; Face à Ho Chi Minh (Face to Ho Chi Minh); A
lost peace… The works of foreign scholars access to some of the characteristics of
Ho Chi Minh’s special qualities and abilities. However, up to now, there have been
no statistics on the works in foreign countries specialized research on Ho Chi
Minh’s personality.
1.1.2.2. National studies
Some typical works: Ho Chi Minh’s personality; Ho Chi Minh – The
formation of a great personality; Shining the personality of Ho Chi Minh; The
personality of Ho Chi Minh – Value and diffusion; Ho Chi Minh – The peak of
Humane – Intelligent – Bravery of Vietnam; Ho Chi Minh: A great personality;
6
Studying and verifying documents and monuments of President Ho Chi Minh in the
period of 1890 – 1911; The personality of Ho Chi Minh – The essential values in the
value system of Vietnam… In general, the research on the personality of Ho Chi
Minh is very limited. Some of the works just refer to aspects of Ho Chi Minh’s
qualities or abilities.
1.1.3. Studies of the effects of Hue Cultural Space on the personality of
Ho Chi Minh
1.1.3.1. Overseas studies
Up to now, no foreign scientific work has studied the influence of Hue
Cultural Space to the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality comprehensively
and deeply. Ho Chi Minh Comrade and Ho Chi Minh are just a few of the
influences of Hue’s cultural space (mainly influenced by Hue’s socio-political life)
to Ho Chi Minh in general.
1.1.3.2. National studies
Some typical works: Finding the vestiges of Uncle Ho’s childhood in Hue;
The influence of the traditional cultural values of the nation on the formation of
Ho Chi Minh ideology; The resistance movement of farmers in Central Vietnam in
1908 and the participation of Nguyen Tat Thanh (President Ho Chi Minh) in Thua
Thien Hue; Ho Chi Minh – Biography chronicles, Volume 1 (1890-1929); Stories
about the life of President Ho Chi Minh; New Literature and its influence on
patriotic ideas in Vietnam in the first half of the 20th century; Under the roof of
the Quoc hoc School of 1906-1911… These works, although not directly explore
the effects of Hue Cultural Space to the formation and development of Ho Chi
Minh’s personality, stated periods in Hue, the influence of the economic, political,
cultural and social conditions of Hue, contributed to the decision to go to find a
way to save country of Ho Chi Minh.
1.2. THESIS’S INHERITANCE AND ORIENTATION OF PROJECT
IMPLEMENTATION
1.2.1. Thesis’s inheritance
The thesis inherits the different attitudes and approaches of culture in
general and Vietnamese culture in particular; inherits the concept, structure of
“Hue Cultural Space”; inherit the ideas on the effects of the economic, political,
cultural and social conditions of Hue and Ho Chi Minh; it also inherits the
research methods, approaches, views on the formation, development and
characteristic of Ho Chi Minh’s personality.
7
1.2.2. The research problems for clarification
Due to the lack of comprehensive and in-depth research, it is necessary to
study the influence of Hue Cultural Space on the formation and development of
Ho Chi Minh’s personality. Based on the purpose and research tasks of the thesis,
from the perspective of Ho Chi Minh specialization, the thesis finds that it is
necessary to study for clarification: Firstly, clarifying the concept, the structure,
the rules forming personality and clarifying the concept of Ho Chi Minh’s
personality; Secondly, clarifying the structure of Hue Cultural Space as well as
identifying and analyzing the key elements of Hue Cultural Space that influenced
the formation and development of Ho Chi Minh’s personality; Thirdly, analyzing
the manifestations of Ho Chi Minh’s personality from the influence of Hue
Cultural Space; Fourthly, commenting on the influence of Hue Cultural Space on
the formation and development of Ho Chi Minh’s personality, meanwhile drawing
the meaning of the research problem to develop Ho Chi Minh’s personality
nowadays.
Chapter 2
SOME INTRODUCTION ISSUES ON
HO CHI MINH’ PERSONALITY AND HUE CULTURAL SPACE
2.1. HO CHI MINH’S PERSONALITY
2.1.1. Concept, structure, rules of personality formation
Personality is the system of dignity and capacity of a human being formed
and developed in the interaction between human and nature and society, which
characterizes individually and expresses the qualities insides themselves.
On the structure of personality, depending on the concept of personality,
each researcher presents a different structure of personality. Ho Chi Minh
emphasized two important factors: virtue and talent in which virtue is the root of
man, the foundation of human personality.
Personality formation and development is a long-term process, which is the
result of the gradual accumulation of life experiences, knowledge, and infection in
the process of life and maturation. The formation and development of personality
is expressed as follows: Firstly, the personality is formed and developed in
association with the process of education, self education and human activities;
Secondly, the personality is shaped by the process of unification between the
8
individual and the society, between the face of the creature and the social, between
objective conditions and subjective factors.
2.1.2. Ho Chi Minh’s personality
Ho Chi Minh’s personality is the cultural values of Ho Chi Minh, which is
crystallized from the tradition of family culture, homeland and country, from the
socio-political reality of the nation and the time; from the influence of Marxism –
Leninism, of progressive theories and ideas; from the example of progressive
political activists and cultural houses in the world; from education and self-
education; from the quality and capacity of Ho Chi Minh people.
The personality of Ho Chi Minh is special qualities, abilities, attractive and
charismatic, manifested in his style and way of life. The personality of Ho Chi
Minh is a bright symbol of the quality and human capacity of Vietnam.
2.2. HUE CULTURAL SPACE
2.2.1. The definition of Hue Cultural Space
2.2.1.1. Culture
Marxist culturists argue that “culture is the totality of material and spiritual
values in the period of social-historical activity and typically represents the level
of achievement achieved in history of social development”. Ho Chi Minh thinks
that culture is all the material and spiritual values created by man; a motivation for
human survival; the purpose of human life; ethnic culture must be comprehensive
in all aspects, fields and lifestyle.
Culture is the totality of material and spiritual value, tradition and tastes,
created by human in the period of social-historical activity, in interaction and
adaptation between people and the environment, to assert the identity of each
country, nation, region and people.
2.2.1.2. Hue culture
Hue culture is a combination of material and spiritual values, traditions,
tastes and lifestyles. It’s created by practical activities linked to the interactions
between people and the natural environment and the society in order to confirm
the identity of the hometown and citizen of Thuan Hoa – Phu Xuan – Hue.
2.2.1.3. Hue Cultural Space
Hue Cultural Space is a large cultural – ecological area, from Chau O,
ancient Chau Ly to area between the south of Quang Tri and the north of Quang
Nam, in which Hue plays a central role, with characteristics of cultural values,
9
material and spiritual, accumulated in the process of human interaction with nature
and society.
2.2.2. The structure of Hue Cultural Space
2.2.2.1. Culture of Hue in term of Geography and Ecology
Historically and geographically, cultural space in Hue is quite large. In
1306, King Tran Anh Tong gave Princess Huyen Tran to King Chiem Jaya
Simhavarman III (Che Man) in order to exchange for Chau O and Chau Ly. In
1307, Chau O and Chau Ly were renamed to Chau Thuan and Chau Hoa. In
1636, Lord Nguyen Phuc Lan moved to Kim Long. It was the beginning of
urbanization in the history of the formation and development of Hue city. In
1687, Lord Nguyen Phuc Thai moved to Thuy Loi village, renamed it to Phu
Xuan and and developed Phu Xuan to a prosperous center of Dang Trong. Then,
Phu Xuan was the capital of Dai Viet under the Tay Son dynasty (1788-1801)
and the capital of Vietnam in nearly 150 years under the Nguyen dynasty (1802-
1945). In 1822, Minh Mang renamed the cover land of the Hue Citadel to Thua
Thien, including Huong Tra, Quang Dien and Phu Vang. In 1898, King Thanh
Thai set up Hue town.
In term of natural conditions, Thua Thien Hue is divided to four ecological
zones: mountainous area, delta, lagoon and coastal sand dunes. The special
location with the diversity of terrain leads to Thua Thien Hue has many highlights
of nature. Besides that, the natural conditions also affect the mood and sensibility
of Hue citizen, forming the house garden in Hue, regulating the personality,
lifestyle and behavior of Hue people, as well as contribute a part of the unique
cultural space
2.2.2.2. Political culture of Hue
– Thua Thien Hue – the center of building and prote

[block id=”bo-sung”]

Từ khóa: Luận án Hue cultural space with the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s personality

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *